21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online
21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online__right

Description

Product Description

#1 NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER •  In Sapiens, he explored our past. In Homo Deus, he looked to our future. Now, one of the most innovative thinkers on the planet turns to the present to make sense of today’s most pressing issues.

“Fascinating . . . a crucial global conversation about how to take on the problems of the twenty-first century.”—Bill Gates, The New York Times Book Review

NAMED ONE OF THE BEST BOOKS OF THE YEAR BY FINANCIAL TIMES AND PAMELA PAUL, KQED 

How do computers and robots change the meaning of being human? How do we deal with the epidemic of fake news? Are nations and religions still relevant? What should we teach our children?

Yuval Noah Harari’s 21 Lessons for the 21st Century is a probing and visionary investigation into today’s most urgent issues as we move into the uncharted territory of the future. As technology advances faster than our understanding of it, hacking becomes a tactic of war, and the world feels more polarized than ever, Harari addresses the challenge of navigating life in the face of constant and disorienting change and raises the important questions we need to ask ourselves in order to survive.

In twenty-one accessible chapters that are both provocative and profound, Harari builds on the ideas explored in his previous books, untangling political, technological, social, and existential issues and offering advice on how to prepare for a very different future from the world we now live in: How can we retain freedom of choice when Big Data is watching us? What will the future workforce look like, and how should we ready ourselves for it? How should we deal with the threat of terrorism? Why is liberal democracy in crisis?

Harari’s unique ability to make sense of where we have come from and where we are going has captured the imaginations of millions of readers. Here he invites us to consider values, meaning, and personal engagement in a world full of noise and uncertainty. When we are deluged with irrelevant information, clarity is power. Presenting complex contemporary challenges clearly and accessibly, 21 Lessons for the 21st Century is essential reading.

“If there were such a thing as a required instruction manual for politicians and thought leaders, Israeli historian Yuval Noah Harari’s 21 Lessons for the 21st Century would deserve serious consideration. In this collection of provocative essays, Harari . . . tackles a daunting array of issues, endeavoring to answer a persistent question: ‘What is happening in the world today, and what is the deep meaning of these events?’”—BookPage (top pick)

Amazon.com Review

It’s hard to imagine having as many deep thoughts as Yuval Noah Harari. His 2015 book, Sapiens, examined the human race through the vectors of history and biology, illuminating how each has influenced our behavior and evolution. Two years later, Homo Deus took us in the opposite direction, predicting the profound changes we will undergo as technology becomes increasingly intertwined in our lives and bodies. Just a year and a half later, Harari turns his attention to more immediate concerns. Using the same tack-sharp lens as his previous books, 21 Lessons for the 21st Century addresses urgent, shape-shifting topics that will shape our present and near future, including nationalism, religion, immigration, artificial intelligence, and even the nature of Truth—in other words, everything you''re not supposed to talk about at Thanksgiving. Harari is not always reassuring, and he''s certainly unafraid of questions challenging widely held views on both global and personal scales, i.e. yours. His quest is not to tear holes in belief systems, but to expand conversations and strip the -isms that channel us into predictably intractable stand-offs. Calling any book "urgent" or "a must-read" is almost always hyperbolic, even shrill. But especially now, 21 Lessons fits the bill. —Jon Foro, Amazon Book Review
Editors'' pick: Using the same tack-sharp lens as his previous books, Harari addresses urgent, shape-shifting topics that will alter our present and near future."—Jon Foro, Amazon Editor

Review

“The human mind wants to worry. This is not necessarily a bad thing—after all, if a bear is stalking you, worrying about it may well save your life. Although most of us don’t need to lose too much sleep over bears these days, modern life does present plenty of other reasons for concern: terrorism, climate change, the rise of A.I., encroachments on our privacy, even the apparent decline of international cooperation. In his fascinating new book,  21 Lessons for the 21st Century, the historian Yuval Noah Harari creates a useful framework for confronting these fears. While his previous best sellers,  Sapiens and  Homo Deus, covered the past and future respectively, his new book is all about the present. The trick for putting an end to our anxieties, he suggests, is not to stop worrying. It’s to know which things to worry about, and how much to worry about them. . . . Harari is such a stimulating writer that even when I disagreed, I wanted to keep reading and thinking. . . . [Harari] has teed up a crucial global conversation about how to take on the problems of the twenty-first century.” —Bill Gates, The New York Times Book Review

“If there were such a thing as a required instruction manual for politicians and thought leaders, Israeli historian Yuval Noah Harari’s  21 Lessons for the 21st Century would deserve serious consideration. In this collection of provocative essays, Harari, author of the critically praised  Sapiens and  Homo Deus, tackles a daunting array of issues, endeavoring to answer a persistent question: ‘What is happening in the world today, and what is the deep meaning of these events?’ . . . Harari makes a passionate argument for reshaping our educational systems and replacing our current emphasis on quickly outdated substantive knowledge with the ‘four Cs’—critical thinking, communication, collaboration and creativity. . . . Thoughtful readers will find  21 Lessons for the 21st Century to be a mind-expanding experience.” BookPage (top pick)

“A sobering and tough-minded perspective on bewildering new vistas.” Booklist (starred review) 

“Magnificently combining historical, scientific, political, and philosophical perspectives, Harari . . . explores twenty-one of what he considers to be today’s ‘greatest challenges.’ Despite the title’s reference to ‘lessons,’ his tone is not prescriptive but exploratory, seeking to provoke debate without offering definitive solutions. . . . Within this broad construct, Harari discusses many pressing issues, including problems associated with liberal democracy, nationalism, immigration, and religion. This well-informed and searching book is one to be savored and widely discussed.” Publishers Weekly (starred review)

“A highly instructive exploration of ‘current affairs and . . . the immediate future of human societies.’ Having produced an international bestseller about human origins and avoided the sophomore jinx writing about our destiny, Harari proves that he has not lost his touch, casting a brilliantly insightful eye on today’s myriad crises, from Trump to terrorism, Brexit to big data. . . . [In] twenty-one painfully astute essays, he delivers his take on where our increasingly ‘post-truth’ world is headed. Human ingenuity, which enables us to control the outside world, may soon re-engineer our insides, extend life, and guide our thoughts. Science-fiction movies get the future wrong, if only because they have happy endings. Most readers will find Harari’s narrative deliciously reasonable, including his explanation of the stories (not actually true but rational) of those who elect dictators, populists, and nationalists. His remedies for wildly disruptive technology (biotech, infotech) and its consequences (climate change, mass unemployment) ring true, provided nations act with more good sense than they have shown throughout history. Harari delivers yet another tour de force.” Kirkus Reviews (starred review)

About the Author

Yuval Noah Harari has a Ph.D. in history from the University of Oxford and now lectures at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, specializing in world history. His two previous books, Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind and Homo Deus: A Brief History of Tomorrow, have become global bestsellers, with more than fifteen million copies sold and translations in more than fifty languages.

Excerpt. © Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved.

1



Disillusionment

The End of History Has Been Postponed

Humans think in stories rather than in facts, numbers, or equations, and the simpler the story, the better. Every person, group, and nation has its own tales and myths. But during the twentieth century the global elites in New York, London, Berlin, and Moscow formulated three grand stories that claimed to explain the whole past and to predict the future of the entire world: the fascist story, the communist story, and the liberal story. The Second World War knocked out the fascist story, and from the late 1940s to the late 1980s the world became a battleground between just two stories: communism and liberalism. Then the communist story collapsed, and the liberal story remained the dominant guide to the human past and the indispensable manual for the future of the world—­or so it seemed to the global elite.

The liberal story celebrates the value and power of liberty. It says that for thousands of years humankind lived under oppressive regimes that allowed people few political rights, economic opportunities, or personal liberties, and which heavily restricted the movements of individuals, ideas, and goods. But people fought for their freedom, and step by step, liberty gained ground. Democratic regimes took the place of brutal dictatorships. Free enterprise overcame economic restrictions. People learned to think for themselves and follow their hearts instead of blindly obeying bigoted priests and hidebound traditions. Open roads, wide bridges, and bustling airports replaced walls, moats, and barbed-­wire fences.

The liberal story acknowledges that not all is well in the world and that there are still many hurdles to overcome. Much of our planet is dominated by tyrants, and even in the most liberal countries many citizens suffer from poverty, violence, and oppression. But at least we know what we need to do in order to overcome these problems: give people more liberty. We need to protect human rights, grant everybody the vote, establish free markets, and let individuals, ideas, and goods move throughout the world as easily as possible. According to this liberal panacea—­accepted, in slight variations, by George W. Bush and Barack Obama alike—­if we just continue to liberalize and globalize our political and economic systems, we will produce peace and prosperity for all.1

Countries that join this unstoppable march of progress will be rewarded with peace and prosperity sooner. Countries that try to resist the inevitable will suffer the consequences until they too see the light, open their borders, and liberalize their societies, their politics, and their markets. It may take time, but eventually even North Korea, Iraq, and El Salvador will look like Denmark or Iowa.

In the 1990s and 2000s this story became a global mantra. Many governments from Brazil to India adopted liberal recipes in an attempt to join the inexorable march of history. Those failing to do so seemed like fossils from a bygone era. In 1997 U.S. president Bill Clinton confidently rebuked the Chinese government, stating that its refusal to liberalize Chinese politics put it “on the wrong side of history.”2

However, since the global financial crisis of 2008 people all over the world have become increasingly disillusioned with the liberal story. Walls and firewalls are back in vogue. Resistance to immigration and to trade agreements is mounting. Ostensibly democratic governments undermine the independence of the judiciary system, restrict the freedom of the press, and portray any opposition as treason. Strongmen in countries such as Turkey and Russia experiment with new types of illiberal democracies and outright dictatorships. Today, few would confidently declare that the Chinese Communist Party is on the wrong side of history.

The year 2016—­marked by the Brexit vote in Britain and the rise of Donald Trump in the United States—­signified the moment when this tidal wave of disillusionment reached the core liberal states of Western Europe and North America. Whereas a few years ago Americans and Europeans were still trying to liberalize Iraq and Libya at gunpoint, many people in Kentucky and Yorkshire now have come to see the liberal vision as either undesirable or unattainable. Some discovered a liking for the old hierarchical world, and they just don’t want to give up their racial, national, or gendered privileges. Others have concluded (rightly or wrongly) that liberalization and globalization are a huge racket empowering a tiny elite at the expense of the masses.

In 1938 humans were offered three global stories to choose from, in 1968 just two, and in 1998 a single story seemed to prevail. In 2018 we are down to zero. No wonder that the liberal elites, who dominated much of the world in recent decades, are in a state of shock and disorientation. To have one story is the most reassuring situation of all. Everything is perfectly clear. To be suddenly left without any story is terrifying. Nothing makes any sense. A bit like the Soviet elite in the 1980s, liberals don’t understand how history deviated from its preordained course, and they lack an alternative prism through which to interpret reality. Disorientation causes them to think in apocalyptic terms, as if the failure of history to come to its envisioned happy ending can only mean that it is hurtling toward Armageddon. Unable to conduct a reality check, the mind latches onto catastrophic scenarios. Like a person imagining that a bad headache signifies a terminal brain tumor, many liberals fear that Brexit and the rise of Donald Trump portend the end of human civilization.

From Killing Mosquitoes to Killing Thoughts

Our sense of disorientation and impending doom is exacerbated by the accelerating pace of technological disruption. The liberal political system was shaped during the industrial era to manage a world of steam engines, oil refineries, and television sets. It has difficulty dealing with the ongoing revolutions in information technology and biotechnology.

Both politicians and voters are barely able to comprehend the new technologies, let alone regulate their explosive potential. Since the 1990s the internet has changed the world probably more than any other factor, yet the internet revolution was directed by engineers more than by political parties. Did you ever vote about the internet? The democratic system is still struggling to understand what hit it, and it is unequipped to deal with the next shocks, such as the rise of AI and the blockchain revolution.

Already today, computers have made the financial system so complicated that few humans can understand it. As AI improves, we might soon reach a point when no human can make sense of finance anymore. What will that do to the political process? Can you imagine a government that waits humbly for an algorithm to approve its budget or its new tax reform? Meanwhile, peer-­to-­peer blockchain networks and cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin might completely revamp the monetary system, making radical tax reforms inevitable. For example, it might become impossible or irrelevant to calculate and tax incomes in dollars, because most transactions will not involve a clear-­cut exchange of national currency, or any currency at all. Governments might therefore need to invent entirely new taxes—­perhaps a tax on information (which will be both the most important asset in the economy and the only thing exchanged in numerous transactions). Will the political system manage to deal with the crisis before it runs out of money?

Even more important, the twin revolutions in infotech and biotech could restructure not just economies and societies but our very bodies and minds. In the past, we humans learned to control the world outside us, but we had very little control over the world inside us. We knew how to build a dam and stop a river from flowing, but we did not know how to stop the body from aging. We knew how to design an irrigation system, but we had no idea how to design a brain. If a mosquito buzzed in our ear and disturbed our sleep, we knew how to kill the mosquito, but if a thought buzzed in our mind and kept us awake at night, most of us did not know how to kill the thought.

The revolutions in biotech and infotech will give us control of the world inside us and will enable us to engineer and manufacture life. We will learn how to design brains, extend lives, and kill thoughts at our discretion. Nobody knows what the consequences will be. Humans were always far better at inventing tools than using them wisely. It is easier to manipulate a river by building a dam than it is to predict all the complex consequences this will have for the wider ecological system. Similarly, it will be easier to redirect the flow of our minds than to divine what that will do to our personal psychology or to our social systems.

In the past, we gained the power to manipulate the world around us and reshape the entire planet, but because we didn’t understand the complexity of the global ecology, the changes we made inadvertently disrupted the entire ecological system, and now we face an ecological collapse. In the coming century biotech and infotech will give us the power to manipulate the world inside us and reshape ourselves, but because we don’t understand the complexity of our own minds, the changes we will make might upset our mental system to such an extent that it too might break down.

The revolutions in biotech and infotech are currently being started by engineers, entrepreneurs, and scientists who are hardly aware of the political implications of their decisions, and who certainly don’t represent anyone. Can parliaments and political parties take matters into their own hands? At present it does not seem so. Technological disruption is not even a leading item on the political agenda. During the 2016 U.S. presidential race, the main reference to disruptive technology concerned Hillary Clinton’s email debacle, and despite all the talk about job loss, neither candidate addressed the potential impact of automation.3 Donald Trump warned voters that the Mexicans and Chinese would take their jobs, and that they should therefore build a wall on the Mexican border.4 He never warned voters that algorithms would take their jobs, nor did he suggest building a firewall on the border with California.

This might be one of the reasons (though not the only one) voters even in the heartlands of the liberal West are losing faith in the liberal story and in the democratic process. Ordinary people may not understand artificial intelligence and biotechnology, but they can sense that the future is passing them by. In 1938 the condition of the common person in the USSR, Germany, or the United States may have been grim, but he was constantly told that he was the most important thing in the world, and that he was the future (provided, of course, that he was an “ordinary person” rather than a Jew or an African). He looked at the propaganda posters—­which typically depicted coal miners, steelworkers, and housewives in heroic poses—­and saw himself there: “I am in that poster! I am the hero of the future!”5

In 2018 the common person feels increasingly irrelevant. Lots of mysterious words are bandied around excitedly in TED Talks, government think tanks, and high-­tech conferences—­globalization, blockchain, genetic engineering, artificial intelligence, machine learning—­and common people may well suspect that none of these words are about them. The liberal story was the story of ordinary people. How can it remain relevant to a world of cyborgs and networked algorithms?

In the twentieth century, the masses revolted against exploitation and sought to translate their vital role in the economy into political power. Now the masses fear irrelevance, and they are frantic to use their remaining political power before it is too late. Brexit and the rise of Trump might therefore demonstrate a trajectory opposite to that of traditional socialist revolutions. The Russian, Chinese, and Cuban revolutions were made by people who were vital to the economy but who lacked political power; in 2016, Trump and Brexit were supported by many people who still enjoyed political power but who feared that they were losing their economic worth. Perhaps in the twenty-­first century populist revolts will be staged not against an economic elite that exploits people but against an economic elite that does not need them anymore.6 This may well be a losing battle. It is much harder to struggle against irrelevance than against exploitation.

Product information

Brief content visible, double tap to read full content.
Full content visible, double tap to read brief content.

Videos

Help others learn more about this product by uploading a video!
Upload video
Brief content visible, double tap to read full content.
Full content visible, double tap to read brief content.

Customers who bought this item also bought

Customer reviews

4.6 out of 54.6 out of 5
9,184 global ratings

Top reviews from the United States

Kekistani
1.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
Cheap Propaganda and Technophobia
Reviewed in the United States on November 14, 2018
SINCE Amazon refused to post my review here I had to reword it. This book is full of senseless Hollywood style technophobia and modern left wing propaganda coupled with CNN rhetoric. And what is his advice for future? Know yourself and meditate? What kind of... See more
SINCE Amazon refused to post my review here I had to reword it.

This book is full of senseless Hollywood style technophobia and modern left wing propaganda coupled with CNN rhetoric. And what is his advice for future? Know yourself and meditate? What kind of advice is that? He literally showed no guidelines for anyone on how to prepare for the future, literally none, the books title is misguiding to begin with.
139 people found this helpful
Helpful
Report
shopper 101
1.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
Disappointing
Reviewed in the United States on October 29, 2018
I am quite disappointed as the author seems to get good reviews; the writing seems like an endless assemblage of statements presented as facts, with little background or support. I''d rather each chapter contained one well-supported, fully-developed statement, then wade... See more
I am quite disappointed as the author seems to get good reviews; the writing seems like an endless assemblage of statements presented as facts, with little background or support. I''d rather each chapter contained one well-supported, fully-developed statement, then wade through this barrage. Really, its just descends into meaninglessness after a few pages.
91 people found this helpful
Helpful
Report
Hande Z
5.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
Eternal lessons
Reviewed in the United States on September 15, 2018
Harari’s first two books, ‘Sapiens’, ‘and ‘Homo Deus’ have been critically acclaimed, and one wonders what else can he come up with. This question is normally asked of fiction writers, but Harari’s first two books have been so tremendously popular to the extent that they... See more
Harari’s first two books, ‘Sapiens’, ‘and ‘Homo Deus’ have been critically acclaimed, and one wonders what else can he come up with. This question is normally asked of fiction writers, but Harari’s first two books have been so tremendously popular to the extent that they were likened to best-selling novels. This, his third book, does not disappoint.

It is a book of 21 essays on different subjects beginning with ‘Disillusionment’, ‘Work’, ‘Liberty’, and ‘Equality’ under Part I, entitled, ‘The Technological Challenge’. The book has a total of five Parts. The other four are: ‘The Political Challenge’, Despair and Hope’, Truth’, and ‘Resilience’.

Harari’s thoughts spring from the basic, but important question, ‘What can we say about the meaning of life today?’ In order to put the age-old question into the context of today, Harari examines the scientific and cultural changes that have transformed human societies across the world. One major change wrought by technology is the phenomenon in which we get increasingly distanced from our own bodies, and are being absorbed into smartphones and computers.

Harari shows how ‘benign patriotism’ can so easily be transformed into ultra-nationalism; form the belief that ‘My nation is unique’ (every nation is) to ‘My nation is supreme’. Once we get to that, war and strife is, frighteningly, just a step away. He devotes a chapter each to ‘immigration’ and ‘terrorism’ because these are the two bogeymen of the world – not just the Western world. Harari fears that when New York or London eventually sinks below the Atlantic Ocean, people will be blaming Bush, Blair and Obama for focussing on the wrong front.

Given the undertones of religious conflicts and differences in the wars that an American-led West had inflicted on various parts of the world, Harari had much to say in his chapters on ‘God’ and ‘Secularism’. He tries to show how irrational belief in a personal God is. ‘Science cannot explain the “Big Bang”, they exclaim, “so that must be God’s doing”…After giving the name of “God” to the unknown secrets of the cosmos, they then use this to somehow condemn bikinis and divorces’. Not to mention abortion, eating pork, and drinking beer. What does it mean ‘Not to use the name of God in vain’? Harari suggests that it should mean that ‘we should never use the name of God to justify our political interests, our economic ambitions or our personal hatred’. He exposes the problems of dogmatism, and warns against the illusion that the falsity in one’s creed or ideology will never be allowed to happen. ‘if you believe in an absolute truth revealed in a transcendent power’, he writes, ‘you cannot allow yourself to admit any error – for that would nullify your whole story. But if you believe in a quest for truth by fallible humans, admitting blunders is an inherent part of the game’.

Harari’s conclusion is a treat to read and has much to commend in the way he reconciles religious beliefs and rational thinking. Humans love story-telling, he writes, and the answers to the question, ‘what is the meaning of life?’ lie in the stories – but we do not have just one story each. And this is crucial. We not just a Muslim, or an Italian, or a capitalist. We do not have just one identity as a human. And we have many stories. We must not shut them out for the sake of one favourite.
80 people found this helpful
Helpful
Report
Big Apple
2.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
Smart but corny pop science
Reviewed in the United States on October 7, 2018
Mr. Harari is brilliant at delineating our distant history but his future extrapolations don''t seem as well informed. Here are some of his ideas: 1. A cell phone will one day perform the function of a doctor to people in developing countries. Uh... how... See more
Mr. Harari is brilliant at delineating our distant history but his future extrapolations don''t seem as well informed. Here are some of his ideas:

1. A cell phone will one day perform the function of a doctor to people in developing countries.

Uh... how exactly? By providing information and receiving data, you mean? Like it does NOW. And how exactly will a phone produce and administer medicine?

2. 3-D printers will make garment workers superfluous. You will get a code, go to a printing center and they will give you your t-shirt.

Again, you can print a t-shirt NOW. That does not mean you will be able to print out jeans, cashmere sweaters and Nike sneakers any time soon - or ever.

3. All menial/working class jobs will be replaced by machinery.
This is not exactly a new concept.

4. Most things exist only in our collective imagination. Every single entity, all companies only exist in our minds - because the company Peugeot has an interesting history.
This is from ''Sapiens'' but mentioned here to illustrate a point: Another whacky extrapolation.

There''s a New Yorker article in here somewhere but ''21 Lessons'' lacks the impact of ''Sapiens'' because it''s not about our distant past - which the author is brilliant at - but our distant future, of which he is less than convincing.
41 people found this helpful
Helpful
Report
Frances J. Fisher
5.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
What is REALLY happenning!
Reviewed in the United States on November 27, 2018
I don''t watch news and I don''t read newspapers. All that drama is too distracting and confusing. THIS is what I am hungry for: perspectives on what is REALLY happening and WHY. Harari presents our current day challenges in such accessible, engaging reading that helps me... See more
I don''t watch news and I don''t read newspapers. All that drama is too distracting and confusing. THIS is what I am hungry for: perspectives on what is REALLY happening and WHY. Harari presents our current day challenges in such accessible, engaging reading that helps me understand the dynamics and complexities. He includes clues as to what we can DO to help change the course of our future towards what will lift our quality of life versus destroy it.
26 people found this helpful
Helpful
Report
FCRichelieu
3.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
A young professor venting his dissatisfaction with established dogma
Reviewed in the United States on November 11, 2018
This is the third book by the author that I have read. His Homo Sapiens was excellent. His Homo Deus was an utter disappointment. This third book is somewhere between the two. In addressing challenges we face in the 21st century, the author is often venting his... See more
This is the third book by the author that I have read. His Homo Sapiens was excellent. His Homo Deus was an utter disappointment. This third book is somewhere between the two.

In addressing challenges we face in the 21st century, the author is often venting his feelings against entrenched dogma. He presents himself as a staunch advocate of science and truth. However, he is not immune from jumping to conclusions. For example, in referring to advances in the study of biochemical processes in the human body, he concludes that human desires are nothing more than biochemical processes. And In asserting that the Christian bible is fiction (I am not Christian and have no interest in defending their bible), he says that there is no scientific proof that the serpent tempted Adam and Eve. That comment may well be correct, but from a scientific point of view, the absence of proof says nothing about whether something is truth or fiction.

When it comes to issues where historical knowledge is relevant, such as on war, terrorism, and internal relations, the author presents excellent insight. However, when he ventures into biotech and AI, his comments tend to be superficial.

The author raises important issues in his book, but his answers appear neither here or there. Part of the book is very interesting, but his ideas may not always stand up to academic scrutiny, I am sorry to say.
20 people found this helpful
Helpful
Report
Kindle Customer
1.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
Save your time and money
Reviewed in the United States on November 30, 2018
This book is a collection of random thoughts that repeat through the book. There are no real revelations or arguments to make me turn to the next page
25 people found this helpful
Helpful
Report
Avery H. Foster
2.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
Wishful thinking
Reviewed in the United States on January 5, 2019
I thought I was going to read evidence-based “fact book.” But instead, it was mostly a collection of the author’s opinions and observations of the supposedly 21st century. I would say some of them qualify as wishful thinking. For example, AI will completely replace... See more
I thought I was going to read evidence-based “fact book.” But instead, it was mostly a collection of the author’s opinions and observations of the supposedly 21st century. I would say some of them qualify as wishful thinking. For example, AI will completely replace physicians and surgeons. Unfortunately, it is not that simple. It takes at least 7 years after college to make a primary care doctor, 8 years for OB/GYN, 9 years for general surgeon, 11 years for neuro surgeon. It takes more than just memorization and regurgitation of medicine to become a physician/surgeon. A bunch of codes built by non-physicians (i,e. software engineers) won’t make AI practice medicine. Those engineers can’t even get our EMRs straight. Oh, please. Although self driving cars are a great concept and that is probably more achieavble than other AI endeavours, I still cannot figure out how to code ‘instincts’ or ‘reflexes.’ By definition, reflexes bypass the cerebral cortex all together. What we can code is algorithm, which is what cortex is for. Until then, it will remain sci-fi for a while. We still do not have the flying skateboard that we saw from Back to the Future. We have not seen Doc’s car that can travel through time. Heck, we do not even have Kitt from Knight Rider. And I certainly hope we will never have Minority Report.
9 people found this helpful
Helpful
Report

Top reviews from other countries

Hande Z
5.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
Eternal lessons
Reviewed in the United Kingdom on September 15, 2018
Harari’s first two books, ‘Sapiens’, ‘and ‘Homo Deus’ have been critically acclaimed, and one wonders what else can he come up with. This question is normally asked of fiction writers, but Harari’s first two books have been so tremendously popular to the extent that they...See more
Harari’s first two books, ‘Sapiens’, ‘and ‘Homo Deus’ have been critically acclaimed, and one wonders what else can he come up with. This question is normally asked of fiction writers, but Harari’s first two books have been so tremendously popular to the extent that they were likened to best-selling novels. This, his third book, does not disappoint. It is a book of 21 essays on different subjects beginning with ‘Disillusionment’, ‘Work’, ‘Liberty’, and ‘Equality’ under Part I, entitled, ‘The Technological Challenge’. The book has a total of five Parts. The other four are: ‘The Political Challenge’, Despair and Hope’, Truth’, and ‘Resilience’. Harari’s thoughts spring from the basic, but important question, ‘What can we say about the meaning of life today?’ In order to put the age-old question into the context of today, Harari examines the scientific and cultural changes that have transformed human societies across the world. One major change wrought by technology is the phenomenon in which we get increasingly distanced from our own bodies, and are being absorbed into smartphones and computers. Harari shows how ‘benign patriotism’ can so easily be transformed into ultra-nationalism; form the belief that ‘My nation is unique’ (every nation is) to ‘My nation is supreme’. Once we get to that, war and strife is, frighteningly, just a step away. He devotes a chapter each to ‘immigration’ and ‘terrorism’ because these are the two bogeymen of the world – not just the Western world. Harari fears that when New York or London eventually sinks below the Atlantic Ocean, people will be blaming Bush, Blair and Obama for focussing on the wrong front. Given the undertones of religious conflicts and differences in the wars that an American-led West had inflicted on various parts of the world, Harari had much to say in his chapters on ‘God’ and ‘Secularism’. He tries to show how irrational belief in a personal God is. ‘Science cannot explain the “Big Bang”, they exclaim, “so that must be God’s doing”…After giving the name of “God” to the unknown secrets of the cosmos, they then use this to somehow condemn bikinis and divorces’. Not to mention abortion, eating pork, and drinking beer. What does it mean ‘Not to use the name of God in vain’? Harari suggests that it should mean that ‘we should never use the name of God to justify our political interests, our economic ambitions or our personal hatred’. He exposes the problems of dogmatism, and warns against the illusion that the falsity in one’s creed or ideology will never be allowed to happen. ‘if you believe in an absolute truth revealed in a transcendent power’, he writes, ‘you cannot allow yourself to admit any error – for that would nullify your whole story. But if you believe in a quest for truth by fallible humans, admitting blunders is an inherent part of the game’. Harari’s conclusion is a treat to read and has much to commend in the way he reconciles religious beliefs and rational thinking. Humans love story-telling, he writes, and the answers to the question, ‘what is the meaning of life?’ lie in the stories – but we do not have just one story each. And this is crucial. We not just a Muslim, or an Italian, or a capitalist. We do not have just one identity as a human. And we have many stories. We must not shut them out for the sake of one favourite.
174 people found this helpful
Report
Anurag Tiwari
1.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
Pirated! Bad paper! Don''t buy!
Reviewed in India on October 12, 2018
Basically, they are giving pirated third class paper quality version. This is expected from Flipkart but not Amazon. People might argue that expectations should be low for a low price, but I say that the Big discounts displayed on products should also be according to...See more
Basically, they are giving pirated third class paper quality version. This is expected from Flipkart but not Amazon. People might argue that expectations should be low for a low price, but I say that the Big discounts displayed on products should also be according to similar quality stuff, and not the original publication.
181 people found this helpful
Report
Richard Ellis
5.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
He''s done the past and the future - now it''s the turn of the present
Reviewed in the United Kingdom on September 23, 2018
Unlike Sapiens (about the past) and Homo Deus (the future), 21 Lessons for the 21st Century is a series of commentaries, thoughts and meditations on the present. Some of the main themes are ones which readers of the earlier books will be familiar with – for example, how...See more
Unlike Sapiens (about the past) and Homo Deus (the future), 21 Lessons for the 21st Century is a series of commentaries, thoughts and meditations on the present. Some of the main themes are ones which readers of the earlier books will be familiar with – for example, how what separates man from our ape cousins is our ability to believe in and live by stories. We are able to believe in things (religion, democracy, money) which have no objective reality or independent existence, or be part of communities (nations, corporations, online) of people we don’t know. A historian, polymath, atheist and cynic, Harari is capable of insights of dazzling simplicity yet which are backed by deep reading and thought. Here are just a few, taken out of context but I promise it’s worth following up the context: The revolutions in biotech and infotech are made by engineers, entrepreneurs and scientists who are hardly aware of the political implications of their decisions… Donald Trump warned voters that the Mexicans and Chinese will take their jobs, and that they should therefore build a wall on the Mexican border. He never warned voters that algorithms will take their jobs, nor did he suggest building a firewall on the border with California. Humans have two abilities – physical and cognitive. The former have been partly supplemented by machines. Artificial Intelligence is challenging the latter…. Communism has no answer to automation, as the masses lose their economic value and become irrelevant. Artificial Intelligence and human stupidity – if we concentrate too much on AI and not enough on human consciousness, AI will end up merely empowering the stupidity of humans. Globalisation has resulted in growing inequality – the richest 100 own more than poorest 4 billion – and might in time lead to speciation. [People and species are opposite - species split, whereas people coalesce into larger groups, though mergers change.] Challenges are now supra-national – there are no national solutions to global warming. Nations have no answer to technological disruption. The nationalist wave [which he attributes in some measure to nostalgia] cannot turn the clock back to 1939 or 1914. Europe is a good example of supra-national solutions [he thinks Brexit is a bad idea]. Early humans faced problems which local tribes couldn’t handle (for example, Nile floods). Nowadays problems are supra-national. Most stories are held together by the weight of their roof rather than by the strength of their foundations. Consider the Christian story. It has the flimsiest of foundations…. Yet enormous global institutions have been built on top of that story, and their weight presses down with such overwhelming force that they keep the story in place. This is another intellectual tour de force from Harari, though as other reviewers have said it’s essential to have read the other two books first.
89 people found this helpful
Report
Buyer
4.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
Important point of view of the global context. (However poor quality of print)
Reviewed in India on September 23, 2018
Essential reading. Quality of ideas, opinions and writing in line with his earlier books. A note to Penguin and its imprints. Please stop printing with Replika. The quality of print is abysmal and this is the second such experience for me (Devlok 2). I know of others who...See more
Essential reading. Quality of ideas, opinions and writing in line with his earlier books. A note to Penguin and its imprints. Please stop printing with Replika. The quality of print is abysmal and this is the second such experience for me (Devlok 2). I know of others who have felt the same. If this continues, readers will complain in droves and/or stop buying your books printed with Replika. So change the quality of printing or the Press in question.
114 people found this helpful
Report
red0209
4.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
Thought provoking
Reviewed in the United Kingdom on September 19, 2018
Having read this book, I''m not sure that I have learnt the 21 lessons that were promised in the title. The book however is certainly thought-provoking and debates many of the questions I have asked myself about the future. The main theme is that the pace of change is much...See more
Having read this book, I''m not sure that I have learnt the 21 lessons that were promised in the title. The book however is certainly thought-provoking and debates many of the questions I have asked myself about the future. The main theme is that the pace of change is much faster than at any other time in human history, and that by 2050 (a date often quoted by the author) life on Earth will look significantly different. Yuval Noah Harari speculates that biotechnology, information technology and ''Big Data algorithms'' will reshape the world for Homo sapiens (humans) over the coming decades to the point that the species will cease to exist in its current form by the beginning of the 22nd century. The author debates in detail the role that artificial intelligence and these algorithms will have and how they will influence and possibly even control large aspects of our lives as time goes on. The book begins with a lot of detail about how collection and analysis of huge amounts of data and advances in technology will allow us to even re-engineer our bodies, and in particular our brains, to allow artificial intelligence to know what we are thinking in order for it to make better decisions for us. It goes on to speculate that robots could make huge numbers of people redundant and irrelevant, forcing people to change careers at an increasingly regular rate. There is then a lot of discussion about religion, in particular the author''s own Jewish religion, and how fiction has played and continues to play a crucial role in life. I enjoyed the book but if you are looking for life lessons to follow, then it probably isn''t the book for you. If you want a glimpse into the (possible) future of the human race and a summary of how we got to the point we are at now, then this is something for you. It is certainly a very well-written book.
29 people found this helpful
Report
See all reviews
Brief content visible, double tap to read full content.
Full content visible, double tap to read brief content.

Customers who viewed this item also viewed

Brief content visible, double tap to read full content.
Full content visible, double tap to read brief content.

Explore similar books

Tags that will help you discover similar books. 16 tags
Results for: 
Where do clickable book tags come from?

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online

21 outlet sale Lessons wholesale for the 21st Century online